Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos) has been found to prevent and treat recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women equally or more effectively than antibiotics. It may also prevent UTIs in women undergoing a cesarean section. Cranberry appears to be a promising candidate for treating women with uncomplicated recurrent UTIs (1).
Milk thistle seeds
Seeds of milk thistle (Silybum marianum) exhibit hepatoprotective and regenerative properties due to their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antifibrotic activities. Milk thistle seeds also increase hepatic glutathione levels by increasing cysteine availability while inhibiting its taurine catabolism, which may enhance the liver’s antioxidant defense (2).
1. van Wietmarschen H, van Steenbergen N, van der Werf E, Baars E. Effectiveness of herbal medicines to prevent and control symptoms of urinary tract infections and to reduce antibiotic use: A literature review. Integr Med Res . 2022 Dec;11(4):100892. doi: 10.1016/j.imr.2022.100892.
2. Patel VB, Ed. Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition. London: Academic Press, 2016. doi: 10.1016/C2013-0-18849-6.